THE PERFECTION OF RELIGION IN THE QUR’AN (Study of QS. Al-Ma’idah: Verse 3 in Interpretation Ibnu ‘Abbas and Hamka)

Amalina, Setiani (2019) THE PERFECTION OF RELIGION IN THE QUR’AN (Study of QS. Al-Ma’idah: Verse 3 in Interpretation Ibnu ‘Abbas and Hamka). Skripsi thesis, IAIN Purwokerto.

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Abstract

Islam was comprehensive for all human races, in all areas of their lives, and whenever they live until the coming of the Judgment Day. This is what is commonly called as Islam is universal. When The Prophet Muhammad SAW was performing of Hajj Wada’ came down the QS. al-Ma>’idah: 3, Allah Said: “This day I have perfected your religion for you and completed My favour to you. I have chosen Islam to be your faith” has become an argument for some Muslims to show that Islam is perfect. In this time, many cases of a wrong understanding of the perfection of religion will cause problems such as radicalism, disbelief of other groups and even terrorism. Therefore, the writer used two problem statements: how is the interpretation of religion perfection in QS. al-Ma>’idah: 3 according to Tafsi>r Ibnu ‘Abba>s and Tafsir Al-Azhar then how is the relevance of Ibnu ‘Abbas and Hamka’s interpretation related to the perfection of religion with the Indonesian context. The method used by the writer in this bachelor thesis is library research with descriptive analysis and used philosophical hermeneutics by Hans Georg Gadamer. The writer chooses to use hermeneutic theory by Hans Georg Gadamer because in this hermeneutics tries to interpret the text by looking at the interpreter’s tradition, culture, and life experience. According to Hans Georg Gadamer, to understand a text is not a representation of the meaning in the past, but a fusion between horizon in the past of the writer and the present horizon of the reader. So, the text can be reflected at this time. After this research has been done about The Perfection of Religion In The Qur’an (Study of QS. Al-Ma>’idah: Verse 3 In Interpretation Ibnu ‘Abbas and Hamka), the writer concluded The meaning perfection of religion in QS. al-Ma>’idah: 3 according to Ibnu ‘Abbas in Tafsi>r Ibnu ‘Abba>s which is Allah SWT has perfected the faith of the Prophet Muhammad and the believers, there is no need for additions and no deductions for eternity. While the perfection of religion according to Hamka in Tafsir Al-Azhar which is the creed, worship, syariat, muamalah, and munakahat was sufficient and there will be no additional. However, Hamka allows for ijtihad in matters other than worship and syariat. Therefore, Islam does not freeze. Then, in Indonesia context that consists of various tribes, languages, cultures, and religions. Therefore, the meaning of surrender to God can be reflected in Indonesia. Because all religions also teach surrender to God or in other words “kalimatun sawa>’”. If someone has a resigned attitude to God, it will minimize fanaticism, claiming the truth of his religion, insulting other groups who disagree with their perception, the narrow meaning of jihad and the blasphemy of religion even radicalism, because someone considers that in other religions there is also faith. However, change is greatly affected by time and space. In terms of religions, that is permanent and some are changing or in other words normative Islam and historical Islam. By having an attitude of surrender to God, it is possible to happen tolerant to other religions. In brief, Indonesia can still be a country with the slogan “Bhineka Tunggal Ika” which means “unity in diversity”.

Item Type: Thesis (Skripsi)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hamka, Tafsir Hamka, Tafsir Ibnuu Abbas, Al Maidah ayat 3
Subjects: 2x1 Al Qur'an dan Ilmu Berkaitan > 2x1.3 Tafsir Al Qur'an > 2x1.32 Tafsur Sunni (Tahlili, Bil Ma'tsur, Bir Ra'yi, Falsafi, Sufi)
2x1 Al Qur'an dan Ilmu Berkaitan > 2x1.6 Kandungan Al Qur'an
Divisions: Fakultas Ushuluddin Adab dan Humaniora > Ilmu Al Quran dan Tafsir
Depositing User: Aris Administrator Perpustakaan IAIN Purwokerto
Date Deposited: 25 Oct 2019 02:30
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2019 02:30
URI: http://repository.iainpurwokerto.ac.id/id/eprint/6263

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